Planting a Vineyard
There are currently around 2,000 ha (4,800 acres) of vineyards in the UK and this has increased by 140% in the last 10 years. There are about 700 vineyards (not all commercial) and 133 wineries, producing an average of around 5 million bottles a year. The styles produced are:
- Sparkling: 66%
- Still White: 24%
- Red/rosé: 10%
The likely growth to 2020:
- Area under vine predicted to grow 50% to 3,000 ha (7,200 acres)
- Production to increase to around 10-12 million bottles
- After 2020 – who knows!
- Sparkling wine sector continues to grow year on year. Most of the recent plantings are for sparkling wine production (Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier account for over 50% of total varietal plantings).
- Sparkling wine alone, in the next three years, is likely to be 5+ million bottles giving this sector a retail sales value of some £100 million.
The reason for this growth can be mainly attributed to:
- A more favourable climate for wine growing and the belief that global warming will continue
- Awards: The huge success of England’s wines in international competitions
- Favourable press coverage: English wines are now a frequent good news story
- Sales and market demand: Sparkling wines achieve similar prices to Champagne (and sell well
- Expansion of large, commercial vineyards, with much investment
- Interest from consumers in buying local (food and wine) and the environmental benefits
- The serving of English and Welsh wines at prestigious events such as the Royal wedding, the Queen’s jubilee, the London Olympics and Henley Royal regatta.
- Interest in Cool Climate wines
- Education and training - skills have improved
However, the UK remains a marginal and challenging ‘Cool Climate’ for grape growing and wine production and there are many factors to consider before planting a vineyard:
- The importance of selecting the right site, which will influence profitability
- The costs of establishing and managing a vineyard
- The likely income from grapes or wine
- The styles of wines to be produced and their markets
It is very important to get the right site for a vineyard as it is one of the major Influences of yield and profit.
- Temperature/sun, an important factor for yield as influences bud initiation, fruit set and ripening
- Rainfall (around 450-500 mm, seasonal required, but excess can be a problem
- Altitude – the maximum is considered to be about 120m and is has the effect of lowering temperature, and suffering from increased wind.
- Aspect - south facing for maximising sunlight interception, drainage of air and water.
- Wind exposure – this can be cooling as well as damaging to vine shoots.
For more information:
- WineGB is currently compiling a comprehensive booklet entitled ‘Planting a Vineyard’. This will be free to WineGB members, or can purchased by non-members. If you would like notification when the booklet is published or to reserve a copy, please email Jo Cowderoy, General Secretary on [email protected]
- ‘Wine Growing in Great Britain’ by Stephen Skelton MW, for useful information facts and figures.
- Dr Alistair Nesbitt climatewine.com for detailed climate information and site selection.
- Also see the Recommended Reading page on this website.